I am a research fellow within the AstrobiologyOU group at the Open University, UK. Until November 2019, I was based in the School of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of St Andrews, UK. My work centres around how evidence for life might be delivered to and detected on the surface of icy moons.


I am deeply motivated to understand how rare or common life might be in the universe. This motivation has led me to develop a keen fascination with the ice-covered ocean worlds of the outer solar system, which may be habitable today. I focus my research on how material delivered to the surface by 'cryovolcanism' can be used to learn about the oceans far below. In my work, I use both lab and field approaches to support current and future missions such as the Europa Clipper (NASA) and the JUpiter Icy Moons Explorer (ESA).

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